THE HISTORY OF JUDO (from the Kodokan Web Site)
The Kodokan was founded in 1882 by the late Prof. Kano who himself had established Judo.
Judo was derived from Jujitsu which had many names and schools. Jujitsu is an art for either attacking others or defending oneself with nothing but one's own body. Prof. Kano adopted the superlative parts of all the Jujitsu schools, got rid of precarious parts, and established the new Kodokan Judo based on his own insight and arrangement.
It started with only nine disciples and a twelve-mat dojo.
The Kodokan Judo was recognized in a few years to be excellent since its students overwhelmed the Jujitsu athletes at the Police Bujitsu Contest. This really was the first step for its future rapid progress.
Prof. Kano promoted judo as a physical exercise from a wide national point of view. Proceeding with the organization of the Kodokan and enacting the regulations of Judo, he became the first Asian member of the International Olympic Committee in 1909 and worked for the spread of Judo world-wide.
Judo became an official event in the Olympic Games of 1964, backed by Judo fans and sport promoters all over the world. It is now a very popular sport almost anywhere in the world.
"Judo", which is now exercised in many countries of the world, is the very Kodokan Judo, created in 1882 by Prof. Jigoro Kano. It is clearly stated in the Article 1 of International Judo Federation (IJF) statutes, "IJF recognizes 'Judo' which was created by Jigoro Kano."
WHAT IS JUDO? (from the Judo Canada Web Site)
The word "Judo" which originates from the Japanese language, means "way of nonresistance". Judo is many things to different people. It is a sport, an art, a discipline, a recreational or social activity, a fitness program, a means of self-defense or combat, and a way of life. Judo is unique in that all age groups, both sexes, and most disabled persons can participate together in learning and practicing the sport. Judo is an inexpensive, year-round activity, that appeals to people from all walks of life. Many people over the age of sixty can enjoy the sport as well as very young children.
The sport of Judo is combative, seeing two people engaged in a dynamic battle using position changes, offence and defense. Each judoka (a person who does judo) has to plan and apply maximum strength at just the right time to catch the other off guard. The combination of one's own strength with that of their opponent can work to their advantage, allowing them to take their opponent by surprise and apply one of the many control techniques.
The objective in judo is to gain control of an opponent by applying the principles of action-reaction and breaking balance, using throws and holds based on jiu-jitsu. At higher levels, choking techniques and armlocks are also used.
The aim in judo is to subdue, not injure, the opponent. The first thing judokas have to learn is self-control.
"The main object of Judo lies in this point. It seeks to augment human strength, morality and intellect by human means and efforts. It tends to train young people in the habits and condition conducive to the accomplishment of great undertakings." T. Shidachi, April 29, 1892
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